Month: December 2014

Uncategorized
Uncategorized

Wind Offshore Electrical Commissioning Training

REF 12102

The objectives of this training are :

  1. Analyse and share check list and retro planning of the commissioning plan for a large offshore windfarm
  2. Share REX (Return Of Experience) on offshore windfarm commissioning
  3. Define Do and Do Not Do based on real cases of wind farm commissioning
  4. List key points to anticipate to ensure the success of such project
  5. Provide sample and template of contracts to be use for commissioning phase

Duration: 2 days

For more information please contact info@wlenergy.fr or www.wlenergy.fr

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Laboratory and analysis in steam and combined cycle power plants

REF 13404

The objectives of this training are:

  1. Reminder of the Basic design of a combined cycle power plants: o Gas Turbine (GT)
  2. > Heat Recovery Steam Generator (HRSG)
  3. > Steam Turbine (ST)
  4. > Condenser &Cooling tower
  5. > Pump
  6. Notion of thermal efficiency
  7. Know the necessary checks and tests to monitor the water quality
  8. Build and organize the testing laboratory
  9. Conduct measurements and tests
  10. Organize inputs and outgoing
  11. Organize control laboratory
  12. Conduct measurements and tests

The program of this training is the following:

  • Tests and checks required to monitor the quality of water and sewage water
  • Specific equipment for water analysis
  • Organization of measure campaign
  • Management of the equipment
  • Self-monitoring and validation of results
  • Organization of a series of measurements
  • Maintenance of field equipment
  • Management of the consumables
  • Management of inputs and outputs
  • Service organization within the constraints

For more information, please contact info@wlenergy.fr

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Economy of power plants

REF 13401

The objectives of this training are:

  1. Acquire the Economics term relative to power plants
  2. Learn methodologies to compute cost model
  3. Master financial tools to valuate a power plant project and the ROI
  4. Learn the order of magnitude

The program of this training is the following:

  • Economic Terms
  • > Return on Sales
  • > Asset turnover
  • > Leverage
  • > PE Ratio
  • > Market/Book Ratio
  • > Return on Equity
  • > Discount Rate
  • > Net Present Value
  • > Internal Rate of Return
  • Economic Methodologies
  • > Plan Cost Terminology
  • > Simple payback
  • > Return on Equity
  • > Capital Charge Rate
  • > Discounted Cash Flow Analysis
  • Cost Models
  • > Capital Charge Rate Model
  • > Discounted Cash Flow Model
  • Pitfalls
  • Baseline Economic Inputs – 1997 400 MW Class
  • Cost Studies
  • Results
  • Economic Comparison
  • Some words about CO2
  • Conclusions

For more information, please contact info@wlenergy.fr

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Protection and Control for Power Generation

REF 13409

The objectives of this training are:

  1. Acquire the concepts of alternators protection
  2. Acquire the concepts of transmission and distribution protection (HV and EHV)
  3. Learn methodologies of protection
  4. Master the latest technologies of the market

The program of this training is the following:

  • Overview
  • > Network architecture, substations, and protection systems
  • > Definition of a short-circuit current
  • > Definition of a neutral system
  • > Definition of a protection plan
  • > Fundamentals of protection relay operation
  • Protections overview
  • > Transformer protection
  • > Overhead lines protection
  • > Underground cable protection
  • > Diagram and controls
  • > Differential line protection
  • Principles of operation and design of alternators
  • > Technology
  • > Operation
  • Operating constraints and failure modes
  • > Presentation of the elements to be protected
  • > Faults that could affect equipment operation
  • Principles and protection techniques
  • > Stability
  • > Block alternator transformer protection
  • > Sensors associated with protection
  • Alternator protection in-depth study
  • Protection and selectivity
  • > Roles and impact of selectivity
  • > Examples of selectivity studies
  • Network stability
  • > Definition
  • > Resetting & Load shedding
  • The current and voltage transformers
  • > Operating principles
  • > Choice of transformers
  • Presentation of the products on the market
  • Case study: Complete of a selectivity study

For more information please contact info@wlenergy.fr or www.wlenergy.fr

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Training on FACTS Devices

REF 11115

Over the last decade, the electricity sector has been subjected to several fundamental changes. A first change is the liberalization of the electricity sector, with as a consequence a complete change of the parties active.

A second important evolution is the shift towards smaller, often renewable, generators. These sources tend to deliver a variable amount of power to the system, dependent on weather conditions. Furthermore they are often located far from the load centres, causing large power flows through the system. Contrary to traditional power generators, they are not centrally dispatched. As a consequence, the transmission system experiences more and more variable energy injections, requiring a flexible operation of the power system. These increased dynamics might create adverse affects on the different types of power system stability. The effect of this added variability and flexible generation pattern on investments must be discussed as well.

The need for more flexibility in the power system is explained, focusing on the evolutions that are taking place in the energy system, with an emphasis on the developments relating to the transmission of electrical energy. The influence of these recent changes on the operation of the power system is addressed. For every part, the effects on the security of the power system are highlighted.

The main part of the course deals with the controllable devices, which can be used in the power system. These new, non-conventional grid elements, often based on power electronics, have enhanced control capabilities that allow a more flexible operation of the power system and they form an alternative investment technology. These new elements provide additional control capabilities to the grid operator, and allow to operate the power system closer to its limits. The different flexible AC transmission systems are discussed and compared.

The technology used for these devices will be covered (without going into detail on the power electronics aspects), and both the steady state and the dynamic operation are covered, as well as several examples. HVDC can be seen as a special case of FACTS. As such, the high voltage direct current (HVDC) technology and applications are an essential aspect of the course. Both the traditional line commutated converter (LCC) HVDC and the relatively new voltage source converter (VSC) HVDC will be discussed. As for the FACTS, also for HVDC the technology, modelling for steady state and dynamic simulations is studied. Examples regarding offshore wind systems are used to show the use of HVDC.

 The program of this training is the following:

  • Module 1: Introduction
  • > Why do we have/need FACTS
  • > Definition of FACTS
  • > Active and reactive power flow through transmission lines
  • > FACTS in the liberalized market environment
  • Module 2: Technical components of FACTS devices
  • > Switching components
  • > Mechanical (e.g. tap changer)
  • > Thyristor
  • > GTO
  • > IGBT and voltage source converters
  • Module 3: Design and modelling
  • > Components
  • > Different implementations
  • > Model
  • > Usage
  • > Advantages and disadvantages
  • > Static Var Compensator (SVC)
  • > STATCOM
  • > Thyristor Controlled Series Capacitor (TCSC)
  • > Static synchronous series compensator (SSSC)
  • > Phase shifting transformers
  • > Thyristor controlled Phase shifting transformers
  • > UPFC/IPFC/others
  • Module 4: Steady state operation of FACTS
  • > Power flow control
  • > The use of phase shifting transformers to manage overloads in the system in the different operational time frames of the TSO
  • > Voltage management
  • > SVC and STATCOM to manage voltage in the system
  • Module 5: Dynamic operation of FACTS
  • > Influence of FACTS on stability
  • > Rotor angle stability
  • > Sub-synchronous resonance
  • > A few examples of how FACTS help the power system dynamics (including how to model)
  • > Grid code compliance for wind farms using FACTS (SVC and STATCOM)
  • > Inter-area oscillation damping using TCSC
  • > FACTS with remote inputs (WAMS input for the controller)
  • Module 6: Cost-benefit analysis of FACTS devices in power systems
  • > FACTS in planning and operational planning (and implementation in software)
  • Module 7: Coordination of multiple FACTS
  • > Steady state coordination
  • > Dynamic coordination
  • Module 8: LCC HVDC technology
  • > Technology
  • > Application
  • > System operations with LCC HVDC
  • Module 9: VSC HVDC technology
  • > Technology
  • > Application
  • > Connection of offshore wind farms
  • > System operations with VSC HVDC
  • Module 10: Supergrid and offshore grid
  • > Why offshore grids and supergrids
  • > Technology requirements
  • > Limitations
  • > Operation of DC grids
  • > Regulatory framework

Durée: 2 days

For more information, please contact info@wlenergy.fr

Training on Cyber Security in Electrical Substations

REF 11116

Program agenda:

  1. Cyber Security Standards and Regulatory Context
  2. Organizational and Risk Management Concepts
  3. Architectures & Technical Mechanisms
  4. Market Solutions

The program of this training is the following:

  • Standards and regulatory context
  • > Cyber Security of Energy Sector: a growing concern

o  Evolution/Trend

o  Specifics

o  Events

  • > Strong regulatory and international trend

o  US, Europe, France, Germany: NERC CIP, EC Directives, LPM

  • > Multiplicity of standards at different levels

o  Organizational and technical standards: ISO/IEC, IEC, NIST, IEEE

  • Organizational and risk management concepts
  • > Security is a risk management process
  • > Holistic approach: organizational, technical, people
  • > Risk assessment techniques and security trade-offs
  • > Maintaining a security posture: Plan-Do-Check-Act (PDCA)
  • > Integrating Cyber Security into Procurement Process
  • Architectures and Technical Mechanisms
  • > Exhaustive approach including all components
    • From the field equipment to the control room
    • Supervisory, control, maintenance
    • Defense-in-depth
  • > Architectures & Components
    • Physical, hardware, operating system, communications, applications
    • State-of-the-art secure communication protocols
  • > Challenges & Case Studies
    • Remote access
    • Network segregation
    • Air Gap & USB
  • Market solutions
  • > Infrastructure solutions
    • Segregation/Filtering (Firewalls, Data Diode)
    • Tunnelling (VPN)
    • Detection/Prevention (IDS/IPS)
  • > End-point solutions
    • Anti-malwares
    • Anti-virus
    • System Hardening
  • > Management solutions
    • Event management and supervision
    • Password management
  • > Embedded solutions
    • Add-on to existing product

Audience:

  1. Application engineers
  2. Maintenance Team
  3. Substation design architects
  4. Operation engineers
  5. Project managers

Duration: 2 Days

For more information please contact : info@wlenergy.fr